In Oman, the traditional outfit is a Dishdasha (long white robe) with a Kumma/Kimma (Omani cap) or Mussar (turban – which is mostly worn for official occasions). The mussar is usually worn over the kuma.
Here you can see the man on the left is wearing a mussar and the other two are wearing Kummas.
Picture taken by Mary Paulose
These caps are made from white cotton material, and they are usually hand stiched. It takes months to finish a cap and they sell for about 150 RO approx 389 $USD. Yeah, i know why so expensive! Thats because it takes a couple of months to finish one cap and thats because of the embriodery which is called Tanjim!
The technique is basically small circles with holes in the middle which are called najim translated means stars. Another one is nus najim (half star) which is basically half a circle and that takes even longer! They come in lots of colours, some match with the dishasha so if they are wearing a green dishdsha then a green cap or a contrasting colour.
I will post a tutorial on how its done, cause yes this is one thing i know how to do 😀
I couldnt find a close up of a Kumma but this one shows the vibrant colours that they come in.
Image taken from Wandering Spirit Travel Images